The City of Robinson is a home rule city. A city can elect to become "home rule" when its population grows over 5,000 and its citizens adopt a home rule charter. Robinson passed its home rule charter in 1999.
Robinson uses the council-manager form of government, which is the most common form of municipality in Texas. The seven-member elected City Council sets policy and appoints a City Manager who is responsible for the day-to day operations of the City.